Free Access
Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 41, Number 4, July-August 2001
Page(s) 277 - 284


Ali S., Ripley S.D., Handbook of birds of India and Pakistan. Second edition, Vol. 10, Oxford University Press, Delhi, Bombay, London, New York, 1974.
Benoit J., The role of the eye and the hypothalamus in the photostimulation of gonads in the duck, Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 117 (1964) 204-216.
Benoit J., Otto L., External and internal factors in sexual activity. Effect of irradiation with different wavelengths on the mechanisms of photostimulation of the hypophysis and on testicular growth in the immature duck, Yale J. Biol. Med. 17 (1944) 22-46.
Bentley G.E., Goldsmith A.R., Dawson A., Briggs C., Pemberton M., Decreased light intensity alters the perception of day length by male European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), J. Biol. Rhythms 13 (1998) 148-158.
Bissonnette T.H., Studies on the sexual cycle in birds. VI. Effects of white, green and red lights of equal luminous intensity on the testis activity of European starling (Sturnus vulgaris), Physiol. Zool. 5 (1932) 92-123.
Farner D.S., Donham R.S., Matt K.S., Mattocks P.W. Jr., Moore M.C., Wingfield J.C., The nature of photorefractoriness, in: Mikami S., Honma K., Wada M. (Eds.), Avian endocrinology: environmental and ecological perspectives, JSSP Tokyo/Springer-Verlag, Berlin, New York, 1983, pp. 145-166.
Follet B.K., Birds, in: Lamming G.E. (Ed.), Marshall's physiology of reproduction, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1984, pp. 283-290.
Foster R.G., Follett B.K., The involvement of a rhodopsin-like photopigment in the photoperiodic response of Japanese quail, J. Comp. Physiol. A 157 (1985) 519-528.
Ishibashi T., Kato Y., Effects of irradiation with different wavelengths on the development of the gonad in the fowl, Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr. Kyushu Univ. 13 (1951) 392-395.
Kumar V., The photoperiodic entrainment and induction of reproductive rhythms in male blackheaded bunting (Emberiza melanocephala), Chronobiol. Int. 3 (1986) 165-170.
Kumar V., Investigations of photoperiodically induced fattening in migratory blackheaded bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) (Aves), J. Zool. (London) 216 (1988) 253-263.
Kumar V., Photoperiodism in higher vertebrates - An adaptive strategy in temporal environment, Indian J. Exp. Biol. 35 (1997) 427-437.
Kumar V., Tewary P.D., Response to experimental photoperiods by a migratory bunting, Emberiza melanocephala, Ibis 125 (1983) 305-312.
Kumar V., Rani S., Effects of wavelength and intensity of light in initiation of body fattening and gonadal growth in a migratory bunting under complete and skeleton photoperiods, Physiol. Behav. 60 (1996) 625-631.
Kumar V., Rani S., Light sensitivity of the photoperiodic response system in higher vertebrates: Wavelength and intensity effects, Indian J. Exp. Biol. 37 (1999) 1053-1064.
Kumar V., Kumar B.S., Singh B.P., Photostimulation of blackheaded bunting: Subjective interpretation of day and night depends both upon photophase contrast and light intensity, Physiol. Behav. 51 (1992) 1213-1217.
Kumar V., Jain N., Singh B.P., Kumar B.S., Plasma levels of luteinizing hormone in intact and castrated blackheaded bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) exposed to stimulatory and nonstimulatory photoperiods, Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 33 (1993) 143-150.
Kumar V., Rani S., Malik S., Wavelength of light mimics the effects of the duration and intensity of a long photoperiod in stimulation of gonadal responses in the male blackheaded bunting (Emberiza melanocephala), Current Science 79 (2000) 508-510.
Marsden S.J., Lucas L.M., Effect of short day or low intensity treatments on reproduction of fall hatched turkey in two environments, Poult. Sci. 43 (1963) 434-441.
Misra M., Kumar V., Photoperiodic control of seasonal responses in blackheaded bunting, Proc. VIIth Int. Symp. Avian Endocrinology, Varanasi, 2000, Dawson A. (Ed.), abstract No. 2.13, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
Nicholls T.J., Goldsmith A.R., Dawson A., Photorefractoriness in birds and comparison with mammals, Physiol. Rev. 68 (1988) 133-176.
Oishi T., Lauber J.K., Photoreception in the photosexual response of quail. II. Effects of intensity and wavelengths, Am. J. Physiol. 4 (1973) 880-886.
Oliver J., Bayle J.Q., Brain photoreceptors for the photo-induced testicular responses in birds, Experientia 38 (1982) 1021-1029.
Rani S., Light relations of the photoperiodic clock in buntings (Emberiza sp.), Ph.D. Thesis, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India, 1999.
Rani S., Kumar V., Phasic response of photoperiodic clock to wavelength and intensity of light in the redheaded bunting, Emberiza bruniceps, Physiol. Behav. 69 (2000) 277-283.
Ringoen A.R., Effect of continuous green and red light illumination on gonadal response in the English sparrow, Passer domesticus (Linnaeus), Am. J. Anat. 71 (1942) 99-116.
Saldanha C.J., Siverman A.-J., Silver R., Direct innervation of GnRH neurons by encephalic photoreceptors in birds, J. Biol. Rhythms 16 (2001) 39-49.
Siopes T.D., Recycling turkey hens with low intensity, Poult. Sci. 63 (1984) 1449-1452.
Siopes T.D., Wilson W.O., The effect of intensity and duration of light on photorefractoriness and subsequent egg production of chicken partridge, Biol. Reprod. 18 (1978) 155-159.
Tewary P.D., Kumar V., Photoperiodic responses of a subtropical migratory finch, the blackheaded bunting Emberiza melanocephala, Condor 84 (1982) 168-171.
Turek F.W., The termination of the avian photorefractory period and the subsequent gonadal response, Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 26 (1975) 562-564.
Vriend J., Lauber J.K., Light intensity, wavelength and quantum effects on gonads and spleen of the deer mouse, Nature 244 (1973) 37-38.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences