Free Access
Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 44, Number 4, July-August 2004
Page(s) 365 - 369
Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 44 (2004) 365-369
DOI: 10.1051/rnd:2004041

Photosensitivity in body mass and testicular activity of brahminy myna, Sturnus pagodarum

Sanjay Kumar Bhardwaj and Praveen Kumar

Department of Zoology, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut 250 004, India

(Received 23 December 2003; accepted 22 April 2004)

Abstract - This study analyzed photoperiodic sensitivity of brahminy myna (Sturnus pagodarum), which is a seasonally breeding bird species. During regression phase of the reproductive cycle (in early September), groups of myna were exposed to artificial photoperiods that were either close to or longer than those brahminy myna experiences at this time in wild at 29° N. Following a 14-week exposure to such photoperiods (hours of light: hours of darkness; 13L:11D, 12L:12D, 11.5L:12.5D and 11L:13D), the birds were subjected to a longer day length (16L:8D) for another 9 weeks to test whether pre-treatment with varying photoperiods had an effect on subsequent long day photostimulation. There was a progressive increase in body mass under different pre-treatment photoperiods, with a faster increase in 11L:13D and 11.5L:12.5D than in 12L:12D and 13L:11D. When subjected to 16L: 8D, however, all groups showed decline in body mass. By contrast, the testes were not stimulated under 11L:13D and 11.5L:12.5D, and only one individual of the groups under 12L:12D and 13L:11D showed a small testis recrudescence. All birds except one individual of the 13L:11D group, however, showed testis recrudescence when subjected to 16L:8D. These results suggest that body mass and testes have a different profile of photoperiodic response and appear to have two different threshold photoperiods for dissipating the post-reproductive refractoriness.

Key words: bird / body mass / brahminy myna / photoperiod / photorefractoriness / gonads

Corresponding author: Sanjay Kumar Bhardwaj

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2004