Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 46, Number 1, January-February 2006
|Page(s)||63 - 67|
|Published online||27 January 2006|
Docosahexaenoic acid is selectively enriched in plasma phospholipids during pregnancy in Trinidadian women - Results of a pilot studyGraham C. Burdgea, Rachel C. Shermana, Zulaika Alib, Stephen A. Woottona and Alan A. Jacksona
a Institute of Human Nutrition, Biomedical Sciences Building, University of Southampton, Bassett Crescent East, Southampton, SO16 7PX, UK
b The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
(Received 9 May 2005; accepted 31 August 2005; published online 27 January 2006)
Abstract - The fetal demand for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has to be satisfied by the mother. We determined the fatty acids in maternal plasma non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), triacylglycerol (TAG) and phosphatidylcholine (PC), in a cross-sectional study of non-pregnant (n = 10), pregnant (n = 19), and postpartum (n = 9) women. There were lipid class-dependent differences in plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations between groups. During pregnancy, DHA was most highly enriched in PC, about 230%, with more modest enrichment for linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA), and no enrichment of alpha-linolenic acid (-LNA). There was relative enrichment of LA, AA and -LNA in TAG, but not of DHA. There was no specific enrichment of any PUFA in the NEFA pool. These data accord with the suggestion that the enrichment of -LNA in TAG and of DHA in phospholipids reflects hepatic regulation of n-3 PUFA metabolism which potentially enhances the delivery of DHA to the placenta.
Key words: pregnancy / human / plasma / polyunsaturated fatty acid
Corresponding author: Graham C. Burdge firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2006