Free Access
Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 45, Number 6, November-December 2005
Page(s) 689 - 698
Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 45 (2005) 689-698
DOI: 10.1051/rnd:2005053

The effects of progesterone priming on reproductive performance of GnRH-PGF2$\alpha$-treated anestrous goats

Mustafa Q. Huseina, Mohammed M. Ababnehb and Serhan G. Haddada

a  Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, PO Box 3030, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
b  Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 3030, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan

(Received 9 February 2005; accepted 29 April 2005)

Abstract - The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of a 5-day progesterone priming prior to a GnRH-PGF2$\alpha$ treatment on reproductive performance of anestrous goats. Thirty-six Mountain Black goats were randomly assigned in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement and were administered intravaginally on day -12, either with 300 mg progesterone inserts (CGPE and CGP) or with 0 mg progesterone (GPE and GP) for 5 days. On day -6, the goats were injected with 100 $\mu$g GnRH, followed 6 days later by 15 mg PGF2$\alpha$ (day 0), the time at which the goats in the CGPE and GPE groups were administered 300 IU eCG injections and those in CGP and GP groups were administered the control solution. The goats were exposed to four fertile bucks at 0 h and were checked for breeding marks at 6-h intervals for 72 h. Blood samples were collected from all goats for progesterone analysis. Progesterone concentrations increased only in CGPE and CGP during the period of device insertion but remained low in GPE and GP groups (P < 0.001). Progesterone levels at the time of GnRH injection on day -6 were basal (0.2 ± 0.04 ng·mL-1) among the groups and began to increase starting on day -2. Day 0 progesterone concentrations differed (P < 0.05) among groups and were significantly influenced by CIDR-G (P < 0.001). A similar proportion of goats expressed estrus and intervals to detected estrus were shorter (P < 0.05) in the CGPE and GPE groups than in GP with no difference between the CGPE, CGP and GPE or between CGP and GP groups. The number of goats ovulating based upon elevated progesterone levels on day 0 was significantly greater (P = 0.002) in CGPE (9/9) and CGP (9/9) than GPE (6/9) and GP (5/9) groups and was significantly influenced by CIDR-G (P = 0.03). All pregnant goats had elevated progesterone concentration on day 0 and none of the goats with basal progesterone levels became pregnant. Pregnancy and kidding rates, twinning percentage and the number of kids born per goat exposed were greater (P < 0.05) among goats treated with progesterone and eCG. In conclusion, progesterone priming and eCG are essential for producing higher rates of pregnancy and kidding in GnRH-PGF2$\alpha$-treated anestrous goats.

Key words: estrus synchronization / progesterone priming / GnRH / PGF2$\alpha$ / goats

Corresponding author: Mustafa Q. Husein

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2005