Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 44, Number 1, January-February 2004
|Page(s)||79 - 88|
Ovulation induction in rabbit does submitted to artificial insemination by adding buserelin to the seminal doseLuis A. Quintelaa, Ana I. Peñaa, Maria Dolores Vegaa, Julian Gullónb, Maria Carmen Prietob, Mónica Barrioa, Juan J. Becerraa, Francisco Masedac and Pedro G. Herradóna
a Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
b Conejos Gallegos, COGAL S.L., Rodeiro, Pontevedra, Spain
c Department of Agroforestry Engineering, Superior Politechnique School, University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
(Received 1 July 2003; accepted 18 November 2003)
Abstract - This study was aimed at determining if a GnRH analogue, buserelin, could be used for ovulation induction in rabbit does submitted to artificial insemination (AI) by intravaginal administration, by adding the hormone to the seminal dose. In a first experiment, 39 secondiparous experimental does (Hyplus strain PS19, Grimaud Frères, France, of about 30 weeks of age) were divided into 3 groups of 13 does each, which at the moment of AI received the following treatments, respectively: (1) control: an intramuscular injection of buserelin (0.8 g/doe), (2) 8 g/doe of buserelin added to the insemination dose, and (3) 16 g/doe of buserelin added to the insemination dose. The experiment was done using 3 consecutive cycles at 42 day-intervals (n = 39). Four does from each of the 3 groups had blood taken at the fourth cycle for LH determination at 0, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min relative to AI. Kindling rates were 82% (28/34), 56% (29/36) and 85% (33/39), respectively for treatments 1, 2 and 3. In the does of groups 2 and 3, LH peaks were detected 60 min after AI, whereas in the does from group 1, the LH peak was detected 90 min after AI. Prolificacy was not different for the 3 treatments (average litter sizes ranged from 10.4 to 10.8). In a second experiment, 3 buserelin concentrations (8, 12 and 16 g/doe) were used intravaginally and compared with the control treatment (0.8 g/doe, via intramuscular). This experiment was done using 100 nulliparous rabbit does (Hyplus strain PS19, Grimaud Frères, France, of about 19 weeks of age) (4 groups of 25 does each) located on a commercial farm, to test if the previous results would be confirmed under field conditions. Kindling rates were no different (P < 0.05) for the 4 treatment groups [91.7% (22/24), 79.2% (19/24), 87.0% (20/23) and 87.5% (21/24) respectively for the control, 8, 12 and 16 g of intravaginal buserelin], however, prolificacy was higher when using the maximal dose of intravaginal buserelin (11.7 vs. 9.4 for the control group). It was concluded that buserelin can be used for ovulation induction in rabbit does when included in the seminal dose, with similar AI results as those obtained when the hormone is administered intramuscularly.
Key words: rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) / buserelin / intravaginal administration / fertility / prolificacy
Corresponding author: Luis A. Quintela firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2004