Free Access
Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 41, Number 2, March-April 2001
Page(s) 187 - 194


Briesacher S.L., May T., Grisby K.N., Kerley M.S., Anthony R.V., Paterson J.A., Use of DNA probes to monitor nutritional effects on ruminal prokaryotes and Fibrobacter succinogenes S85, J. Anim. Sci. 70 (1992) 289-295.
Cecava M.J., Merchen N.R., Berger L.L., Nelson D.R., Effect of energy level and feeding frequency on site of digestion and postruminal nutrient flows in steers, J. Dairy Sci. 73 (1990) 2470-2479.
Craig W.M., Broderick G.A., Ricker D.B., Quantification of microorganisms associated with the particulate phase of ruminal digesta, Br. J. Nutr. 177 (1987) 56-62.
Coleman G.S., Rumen entodiniomorphid protozoa, in: Backer J.R., Taylor A.E.R. (Eds.), Methods of cultivating parasites in vitro, Academic Press, London, UK, 1978, pp. 35-54.
Coleman G.S., The cellulase content of 15 species of entodiniomorphid protozoa, mixed bacteria and plant debris isolated from the ovine rumen, J. Agric. Sci. 104 (1985) 349-360.
Dehority B.A., Orpin C.G., Development of, and natural fluctuations in, rumen microbial populations, in: Hobson P.N., Stewart C.S. (Eds.), The rumen microbial ecosystem, Blackie Academic and Professional, London, UK, 1997, pp. 196-245.
Doreau M., Legay F., Bauchart D., Effect of source and level of supplemental fat on total and ruminal organic matter and nitrogen digestion ion dairy cows, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 2233-2242.
Ferlay A., Legay F., Bauchart D., Poncet C., Doreau M., Effect of a supply of raw or extruded rapeseeds on digestion in dairy cows, J. Anim. Sci. 70 (1992) 915-923.
Krause D.O., Darlymple B.P., Smith W.J., Mackie R.I., McSweeney C.S., 16S rDNA sequencing of Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens: design of a signature probe and its application in adult sheep, Microbiology 145 (1999) 1797-1807.
Legay-Carmier F., Bauchart D., Distribution of bacteria in the rumen contents of dairy cows given a diet supplemented with soya-bean oil, Br. J. Nutr. 61 (1989) 725-740.
Lever M., Carbohydrate determination with 4-hydroxybenzoic acid hydrazide (PAHbAH): effect of bismuth on the reaction, Anal. Biochem. 81 (1977) 21-27.
Martin C., Michalet-Doreau B., Fonty G., Williams G., Postprandial variations in the activity of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes of fluid- and particle-associated ruminal microbial populations, Curr. Microbiol. 27 (1993) 223-228.
Martin C., Michalet-Doreau B., Variations in mass and enzyme activity of rumen microorganisms: effect of barley and buffer supplements, J. Sci. Food Agric. 67 (1995) 409-415.
Martin C., Devillard E., Michalet-Doreau B., Influence of sampling diet on concentrations and carbohydrate-degrading enzyme activities of protozoa and bacteria in the rumen, J. Anim. Sci. 77 (1999) 979-987.
Nozière P., Michalet-Doreau B., Validation of in sacco methods: influence of sampling site, nylon bag or rumen contents, on fibrolytic activity of solid-associated microorganisms, Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 57 (1996) 203-210.
Odenyo A.A., Mackie R.I., Stahl D.A., White B.A., The use of 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes to study competition between ruminal fibrolytic bacteria: pure culture studies with cellulose and alkaline peroxide-treated wheat straw, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 60 (1994) 3688-3696.
Olubobokun J.A., Craig W.M., Nipper W.A., Characteristics of microorganisms associated with fluid or particles, J. Anim. Sci. 68 (1988) 3360-3370.
Pierce J., Suelter C.H., An evaluation of the Coomassie brillant blue G-250 dye-binding method for quantitative protein determination, Anal. Biochem. 81 (1977) 478-480.
SAS/STAT, User's Guide: Statistics, SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC, 1985.
Stahl D.A., Flesher B., Mansfield H.R., Montgomery L., Use of phylogenetically-based hybridization probes for studies of rumen microbial ecology, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 (1988) 1079-1084.
Van Gylswyk, N.O., The effect of supplementing a low-protein hay on the cellulolytic bacteria in the rumen of sheep and on the digestibility of cellulose and hemicellulose, J. Agric. Sci. (Camb.) 74 (1970) 169-180.
Weimer P.J., Waghorn G.C., Odt C.L., Mertens D.R., Effect of diet on populations of three species of ruminal cellulolytic bacteria in lactating dairy cows, J. Dairy Sci. 82 (1999) 122-134.
Williams A.G., Strachan N.H., The distribution of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes in the bovine rumen digesta ecosystem, Curr. Microbiol. 10 (1984) 215-220.
Williams A.G., Withers S.E., Strachan N.H., Postprandial variations in the activity of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes in microbial populations from the digesta solids and liquor fractions of rumen contents, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 66 (1989) 15-26.
Yang C.M.J., Varga G.A., Effect of sampling time on protozoa and fermentation end products in the rumen of dairy cows, J. Dairy Sci. 72 (1989) 1492-1498.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences