Reprod. Nutr. Dev.
Volume 45, Number 2, March-April 2005
|Page(s)||163 - 173|
Effect of long term feeding of ammoniated wheat straw treated with or without HCl on blood biochemical parameters in growing male buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) calvesUsha Rani Mehraa, Dev Sharan Sahua, Prafulla Kumar Naikb, Ram Sharan Dassa and Ashok Kumar Vermaa
a Nuclear Research Laboratory, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar 243 122 (UP), India
b Department of Animal Nutrition, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
(Received 18 March 2004; accepted 16 December 2004)
Abstract - Twenty-four growing male buffalo calves (one year of age; 88.54 ± 3.81 kg average body weight) were divided into three comparable groups (I, II and III) on the basis of their body weight (BW) in a completely randomised design to study the effect of long term feeding of ammoniated wheat straw (AWS) and hydrochloric acid treated ammoniated wheat straw (HCl-AWS) on blood biochemical changes. The animals were offered a concentrate mixture (CM) along with wheat straw (WS), ammoniated wheat straw (AWS) (4% urea at a 50% moisture level) and hydrochloric acid treated ammoniated wheat straw (HCl-AWS) (4% urea at a 50% moisture level and HCl added to trap 30% of NH3 evolved) in groups I, II and III, respectively for an average daily gain (ADG) of 500 g. All the diets were made iso-nitrogenous by preparing three types of concentrate mixtures of different CP levels. The blood was collected from the jugular vein randomly from three animals of each group initially after 8 months post feeding and subsequently after two months interval up to 14 months of experimental feeding. Due to urea ammoniation, the CP content of WS increased from 3.66 to 8.51 and was further increased to 11.35 due to the addition of HCl during urea-ammoniation of wheat straw. The cumulative period mean plasma glucose values (mg %), in group II (53.13) were significantly (P < 0.001) higher than those in groups I (48.44) and III (50.60). The cumulative period mean values of serum albumin and globulin (g %) were not significantly different and were comparable among the groups I (3.33 and 3.06), II (3.53 and 2.97) and III (3.49 and 2.94). The cumulative period mean values of serum albumin: globulin ratio and total protein values were not significantly different among the different groups. Serum urea and creatinine values were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in group III (58.66 and 2.24) as compared to groups I and II. The cumulative period mean values of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (KA units) did not differ significantly, but serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) values (units·mL-1) were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in groups II and III than in group I. The cumulative period mean values of T3 (ng·mL-1) did not differ significantly among the groups, but T4 values were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in group III (22.74) than in groups I (21.41) and II (20.89), respectively. Since the mean values of all the blood parameters were within the normal range, it may be concluded that feeding of ammoniated wheat straw treated with and without HCl to growing male buffalo calves for fourteen months has no adverse effect on the blood biochemical parameters.
Key words: ammoniated wheat straw / buffalo calves / blood biochemical / HCl-AWS / T3 / T4
Corresponding author: Usha Rani Mehra firstname.lastname@example.org
© INRA, EDP Sciences 2005